Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was a cosmopolitan with a background in St. Petersburg, Russia; Stockholm, Sweden; and Paris, France. Along with his inventions (300 plus patents) he constantly sought solutions to problems in all areas of life.
Alfred Nobel wrote in his will that physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace would each year year receive a part of the revenues of his great fortune. From the start the Nobel Prize was a world event.
There are many meanings and definitions of peace. The International Peace Bureau cites five main elements that go together to form peace. In this exhibit these five elements are represented in five colors. It is suggested that all five are needed to create sustainable peace. The elements and colors are:
1. Disarmament and Nonviolence in purple
2. Conflict Prevention and Resolution in red
3. Economic and Social Justice in yellow
4. Human Rights, Law and Democracy in blue
5. Environment and Sustainable Development in green